Titan is not accidentally called a winged metal, without which it is impossible to imagine a modern aerospace industry. In addition, it is widely used in the creation of various medical implants, like hypoallergenic material.
However, all titanium alloys have one significant drawback – a relatively low hardness, which makes it impossible to use them to create cutting tools and other products that are resistant to deformation.
The development of Belgorod physicists can, with good reason, be considered breakthrough. According to the physicist Sergei Zherebtsov, the composite alloy has a whole set of unique qualities. It is very light, not afraid of corrosion, does not cause allergies and compared with its “progenitor”, pure titanium, is more durable and at the same time can be perfectly processed, which opens up wonderful prospects for creating unique medical instruments.
The structure of the composite alloy is something reminiscent of metal honeycombs with walls of titanium boride and voids, inside which is a softer and more plastic titanium. This alloy is obtained by sintering at a temperature of 1000 ° C of a powder mixture of titanium and titanium diboride.
According to the developers, tools from the new composite will significantly “lose” weight in comparison with their predecessors. In addition, they can be used to conduct operations in a magnetic field.